Cyber Laws are legal regulations to control Cyber Crime. Millions of users are dependent on the internet all over the world and crimes are possible in the cyber space. To maintain the internet as a safe place for all, laws and regulations are required. Laws and regulations that cover the internet and the World Wide Web (www) are referred to as Cyber Laws.
Cyber Law or Internet law is a term that summarizes the legal issues related to use of the internet. It is less a distinct field of law than intellectual property or contract law, as is it a domain covering many areas of law and regulation. It includes internet access and usage, privacy, freedom of expression, and jurisdiction etc.
Cyber Crime or computer crime refers to any crime that involves a computer and a network.
Cybercrimes are defined as: “offences that are committed against individuals or groups of individuals with a criminal motive to intentionally harm the reputation of the victim cause physical or mental harm to the victim directly or indirectly, using modern telecommunication networks such as internet (Chat rooms, emails, notice boards and groups) and mobile phones (SMS/MMS)”.
Cybercrimes can also refer to unauthorized access or modification to computer materials. Activities such as spam, fraud (mail, chat, etc.), threats, harassment, etc. are some of the popular cybercrimes today. When communicating through Mail or forums, Chat, extra care must be taken to avoid falling into traps. Never respond to chat, mail or electronic messages that are suspicious or fraudulent in nature;
for example, you may receive a mail that could promise financial benefits without any efforts which in turn might be a scam. Several unethical & illegal things happen on the internet.
Activities such as cheating, fraud, misappropriation, piracy, defamation, pornography, hacking, planting viruses, IPR thefts, copyright violations, threats, etc. are committed through the internet today. These activities are treated as cyber crimes and involving in such activities could lead to severe punishments.
Type of Cybercrime
The following list presents the common types of cybercrimes: Computer Fraud: Intentional deception for personal gain via the use of computer systems. Privacy violation: Exposing personal information such as email addresses, phone number, account details, etc. on social media, websites, etc. Identity Theft: Stealing personal information from somebody and impersonating that person. Sharing copyrighted files/information: This involves distributing copyright protected files such as eBooks and computer programs etc. Electronic funds transfer: This involves gaining an un-authorized access to bank computer networks and making illegal fund transfers. Electronic money laundering: This involves the use of the computer to launder money.
ATM Fraud: This involves intercepting ATM card details such as account number and PIN numbers. These details are then used to withdraw funds from the intercepted accounts. Denial of Service Attacks: This involves the use of computers in multiple locations to attack servers with a view of shutting them down. Spam: Sending unauthorized emails. These emails usually contain advertisements.
In layman’s language, defamation means making false statement(s) about someone or something which results in spoiling the reputation of the individual, business, product, group, etc.
Defamation can be either, slander (verbal) or libel (written).
Both slander and libel ways of defamation are considered to be punishable offences; depending on the severity, the punishment could be severe. In short, it is illegal and unethical to practice defamation and never should be encouraged. To know about Cyber Laws in India, Visit http://deity.gov.in